Definition of backhoe

A backhoe is a machine that can do the work of a charger, a bulldozer and an excavator. This versatile equipment it’s used for heavy digging, gardening, smaller buildings and urban engineering projects. It’s similar to a tractor with a front loader mounted and an arm and bucket at the rear. Because it’s based on a tractor with a diesel engine, it can lead directly to a job site instead of being loaded onto a trailer and be pulled.


The backhoe was developed in 1953 by Joseph Bamford in the UK, where it was called “JCB” by the inventor. The inventor added a bucket on the front and a backhoe to an agricultural tractor, creating a very versatile piece of equipment. Backhoes became very popular in the US in 1960.

A versatile piece of equipment

Its precise controls and the relatively small size make it useful in a variety of construction projects, small demolitions, landscaping, building materials moving, excavation, breaking asphalt and paving roads.

Front assembly use

This machine removes excess dirt from one place or places in a process called filling. The front-mounted bucket can tap the loose soil and level. Some buckets have a retractable fund called “clamshell” to empty its load more efficiently and is often used for scraping and graduation. The front bowl assembly can be removed to set other tools. A charger can be equipped with a couple of tools that can expand and retract, allowing different tools to be attached to the unit. A rotor side is a device that allows more joint accessories, making this a suitable machine for carrying tools.

As a backhoe works

A backhoe dig earth pulling back instead of forward lift as push or as a person using a shovel; the operator must be able to handle a backhoe bucket and the bucket itself. The backhoe is more complex, requiring skill and experience as the operator must be able to use a control lever while driving the tractor. There are three separate hydraulic connections that must be operated in coordinated steps. The machine arm extends to dig, then pull the bucket back and then push through the soil. This process is repeated until a pit or trench is dug. The hydraulic system can deliver tens of thousands of pounds (kilos) of pressure, much higher than men with shovels, and in little time.

Backhoe Innovations

Kubota has made small and compact tractors, sold with a backhoe configuration for homeowners. Dynahoe was originally developed in 1959 by Bucyrus-Erie with a gasoline engine. In 1970, a four-wheel drive system was incorporated in a backhoe loader with diesel engine. It was able to be maneuvered in rugged terrain and has been followed by the 590 Turbo CASE designed by a twin-turbo setup attached to the engine, increasing power. The finger is a newer spoon with a hinged metal rod, which is used as a thumb to pick things up.