Selection of construction equipment

A successful proposal involves the management to be given to construction crews.

As with all activities in a bid to find the costs of resources such as team building, help is essential background information. Therefore, the first thing to do is visit the “Tender Information Centre” (CIL) of the entity. There will be something very precious: the names and specific data on the “Dealers”, the distribution companies of construction equipment. Then, you need to go to work packages developed by each of the members of the team, which form the basis for scheduling the tasks of the proposal. Each estimator should have clearly defined the activities of their respective expertise, and resources that each requires for its proper implementation, including construction crews.

But nevertheless, in the specific case of the earthmoving work, present in varying degrees in all the work of engineering, it is important to know the size and nature of the terrain to adapt. With this information you can know fairly accurately what the performance of each team and, incidentally, the utilization time of these, such as bulldozers, tractors, motor graders and more. Next, the box of equipment, including, if applicable, trucks and scrapers for horizontal transport and vertical transport cranes should be developed. And of course, the amounts of each. The next step is to send the information to the “Dealers” in order for them to prepare their proposal.

So far there is nothing new, it is standard procedure that applies in such cases. But now, it is something interesting that can define a tender. There are three possible alternatives when it comes to using construction equipment bound for a work: that is owned, leased, or leasing. Its correct selection may be the factor that allows you to top the bid. It is so expensive in this type of projects, any decision either way can mean large amounts will definitely make the difference between the two proposed lines.

In appearance, it may be best to use the equipment owned by the company and quote this line prices low or zero times. Obviously, this approach can lead to a low price with high chances of winning the bid, but contains several drawbacks. One is that profits will be lower because the cost of operating the equipment will have to cover the contractor. Additionally, you may run liquidity, resources are reduced, the displacement is expensive and you have to cover the amounts for warehousing, maintenance and repair. This, regardless of the implicit cost of obsolescence. But, also, there are positive aspects, complete control of the equipment, tax-deductible costs and high familiarity. Moreover, studies suggest using this possibility when the use of the equipment is above 70% of the activities time.

Now, in the case of use of rental equipment they have advantages of flexibility, pay only for actual use, no involvement by way of travel, use of new models and low financial effort. But, also, it is more expensive and may affect the budget. It has been found that for contracts of more than three months can be costly. Also, you should consider whether it is hired for days, weeks or months.

Finally, there is the widely used figure of leasing. It is more expensive when compared with purchased equipment and hired who must answer for the damage or loss. You pay monthly although the team does not work, interest rates are higher and the penalty for breaking the contract is high. But it is a good choice when funds are limited and the team works less than 60% of the time. In addition, obsolescence is avoided, no advance payments and new models can be selected.

We can see well, although in a very general way, that the selection of construction equipment bound budget for a tender, contains a number of subtleties that cannot be ignored and, instead, deserve a serious, deep and careful study.

SAFETY TIPS MACHINERY

Heavy machinery can help with a wide range of tasks, from soft drinks bottling plant to build a new school. But the machinery is powerful and relentless and presents a safety hazard when used incorrectly or haphazard way. Equipment of all types is useful, and workers can operate safely by following some simple rules for a wide variety of equipment.

Read the owner’s manual and only use a machine if you have the right qualifications.

Wear eye protection at all times. Use dust masks when necessary to protect your lungs from foreign debris. Use ear protection when noisy machinery to prevent hearing loss. Wear a helmet when there is a potential for falling objects.

Tie you hair or put it under a tight hat. Avoid using anything that is loose, which could get caught in the machine.

Make sure there is a stop button easily accessible in case an emergency occurs.

Keep well-oiled and maintained so that it is in proper operating condition and less likely to experience a failure, which could create a dangerous situation machine.

Surrounding area with good lighting so you can see the machine and its surroundings clearly.

Keep the space around the machine free of objects and other workers. Make sure that no power cables or other cables running across the floor in a way that might cause someone to trip. Clean up spills immediately.

Do not leave the machine unattended. Turn the machine off when not in use, and inspect it carefully before using it again.

Role of heavy machinery

With the introduction of heavy machinery in the world of construction, primarily to move large loads and replace the man in jobs requiring more physical effort and an increased risk in the execution, they were transformed into simple relative to earthworks and other materials associated with large public works.

Backhoe:

It works like the human arm – you can dig, lift the material and unloading. A skilled operator knows backhoe operations require more the use the front loader. The operator must move the backhoe vehicle and operate simultaneously. The beginning of the operation to dig the hole and then download the material dug on the side (or even loading a truck parked nearby).

Tractor:

The caterpillar is perhaps the most basic and versatile machine in the construction industry. It serves many purposes, such as moving loads pushing or pulling them. These are versatile machines in many construction projects, where they can be used from the beginning to the end. Regular earthmoving operation is practically a set of straight forward and backward movements. When the tractor moves forward, the front blade cutting engages the ground, for its load.

Excavator:

It is often used for excavation of rock and soil, however, thanks to its many accessories can also be used for cutting steel, breaking concrete, and holes in the ground, before the foundation of gravel pavement. You can dig, lift the material and unload.

Compactor:

It is a very specialized hydraulic machine that facilitates the work of accelerated compaction and landfills.

Road construction has both science and art. However, forest, both in its planning and execution require a high degree of peculiar qualities. A varied knowledge, extensive experience and constant monitoring are essential for facing difficulties arising from the distance, isolation or limited material means. However, a job is essential because it can be said that where there are no forest roads there is no forest exploitation.

Preparation guide for exam heavy equipment mechanic

For an individual seeking a career as a mechanic of heavy equipment, there are several types of exam preparation guides. The exam preparation guides you can buy or borrow from your local library. The preparation guides are comprehensive and extensive, and prepare the individual for learning to become a mechanic of equipment heavy. These guides are formatted with a strategy that includes information on topics, creating space scenes work and environment and, at the end of each section, providing pre-tests.

Mechanical knowledge

Basics of machinery and mechanisms are the foundation of guide’s exam preparation for mechanical heavy equipment. The guidelines incorporate a strategy basic theory and illustrations in machinery and working knowledge of machines. The strategy extends the basic knowledge of various mechanical processes –electric generated steam, hydraulics– and how to use these processes in a mechanical environment. A recommendation to understand the portion mechanics of the study guide is attached using a basic guide and become familiar with electrical and hydraulic terms.

Logic and reasoning

The exam preparation guides include sections using mathematical logic and reasoning strategies to test the thinking process. The guidelines are designed to improve research skills and problem solving. Individual strategy deductive reasoning prepares an individual to think on a larger scale when confronted with a mechanical problem involving a piece of machinery or security situations . In combination with the preparation guide for the exam, the basic study of mathematical disciplines such as algebra, geometry and trigonometry can improve knowledge of logic and reasoning for examination purposes.

Security

Understanding security is mandatory for an individual seeking designation as a mechanic for heavy equipment. The preparation guide for the exam provides a strategy for implementing safety awareness in industrial environments and situations. The security portion of the guide tests the individual’s ability to detect dangerous situations through critical thinking and evaluation of a work environment. In conjunction with the study guide, an individual should also consider taking a course or seminar on ISO 9000 safety requirements that will be in the actual exam.

Equipment identity

Heavy equipment mechanics should know when to use appropriate analytical tools to detect and repair a problem. The guide provides test preparation scenarios and strategies for using voltmeter equipment: hydraulic pressure test equipment and general electrical problems. A strategy plan to determine the various types of equipment and become familiar with them, is to buy a heavy mechanical electrical guide and hydraulic equipment in detailing the history and evolution of heavy machinery equipment in various industrial environments.

Apprentice training

Individuals who plan to be heavy equipment mechanics must have two years of training as an apprentice under a certified mechanic. Apprentice training, combined with study guide exam preparation, is a strategy that pays big dividends. Working scenarios can familiarize the individual with mechanical concepts and terms before you take the test for certification.

 

Nationalization heavy machinery

Heavy machinery import

Nationalization of heavy machinery, in ImportaMex have a great experience in importing of Heavy Equipment and Parts, we are at your service to assist you in your import procedure.There are no restrictions for these imports and can be imported from any place of origin, of any brand and model, weight and dimensions. It is still advisable to choose manufacturers from Mexico, USA or Canada. It is recommended that either of these origins because these machines are applicable FTA (Free Trade Agreement). Applying the TCL to the import of heavy and implements machinery, preferential rates apply as EXEMPTION tax (ie untaxed), this significantly impacts the total import cost. If you’re buying your heavy machinery or spare parts, or already have and need information we are at your service to assist you in your import procedure.

Some types of heavy machinery are imported regularly:

  • Excavators
  • Backhoes
  • Drags
  • Tractors
  • Loader
  • Crawler Tractor
  • Cranes
  • Moto Graders
  • Mini Chargers
  • Compactors
  • Paving Equipment
  • Requires Trucks
  • Lift truck
  • Lifts
  • Sweepers
  • Compressors
  • Generators

Restrictions:

  • There is no restriction on the import of agricultural machinery and implements, all the machinery is eligible for import, no matter the make, model, place of origin, weight or dimensions

Requirements for import:

  • Property title
  • Official identification issued by the Mexican government or Consulate (voter, Mexican passport or Matriculate Consular), the draft card is valid but always at the discretion of the officer in the customs duty and therefore is not a recommended option, the Mexican driver license is not valid for this type of procedures, are also valid IDs issued by the government of the United States or Canada or other types of identification that are not issued by an agency of the Mexican government are not valid
  • Proof of address (As long as the vehicle is not being processed by protection, since these procedures for the marketing information is used)
  • Photographs with the serial number of the vehicle (This can be taken from the series under glass driver’s side or in the driver’s door.
  • Billing information.

How much does a heavy construction equipment operator earns

The heavy construction equipment operators winnings  depends on the experience they have, the part of the country where they work, the size of the company they work for and the type of equipment in which they specialize. Besides earning an hourly wage, many construction equipment operators report receiving benefits payments breaks and annual bonuses.

Timeframe

Payment of heavy construction equipment operators increases over time as they acquire more work experience. According to Pascale, operators of heavy construction equipment with less than one year of experience earn an average salary of US $ 14 per hour. From one to four years of experience typically earns US $ 15 to US $ 16 per hour, Workers with 10-19 years of experience earn about US $ 18 per hour and those who have worked as operators of heavy construction equipment for 20 years or more earn an average of US $ 20 per hour.

Geography

The salary received by the operators of heavy construction equipment depends on the part of the United States where they work. In some areas, salaries can be increased or decreased, depending on local demand. In general, operators of heavy construction equipment in California earn the highest salaries, with an average payment of more than US $ 22 per hour. Those who work in New York and in Pennsylvania earn about US $ 17 and US $ 18, while those working in Michigan earn about US $ 16 per hour. In Texas, Florida and Virginia, these operators earn an average salary of about US $ 14 per hour.

Size

The size of the company in which operators of heavy construction equipment work can also affect their average salary, Equipment operators working for a company with fewer than 10 employees typically earn between US $ 14 and US $ 15 per hour. Those who work for a company with 10-15 workers earn about US $ 16 per hour. Operators working for a company with 50 to 600 workers generally earn between US $ 17 and US $ 18 per hour.

Types

The average payment rates for operators of heavy construction equipment may depend on the type of work they do. Equipment operators specializing in asphalt typically earn about $ 14 an hour, while those who work with specific teams often earn more than US $ 17 per hour. Operators of heavy construction equipment working in excavations earn approximately US $ 16.50 per hour, while those working in underground constructions earn approximately US $ 17.50 per hour. Those working on commercial projects, residential and general construction typically earn between US $ 16 and US $ 17 per hour.

Benefits

In addition to hourly, operators of heavy construction equipment can receive benefits by their employers. According to PayScale, operators of heavy construction equipment reported receiving annual bonuses between US $ 500 and US $ 1,000, with generally high bonuses offered to workers with at least 10 years of experience. Almost 72% of the operators of heavy construction equipment reported receiving paid holidays and 33% receiving sick pay. Nearly 40% report having a benefit 410k and the same percentage have life insurance and disability. Approximately 18% have a company cell phone and 12% have a company car. More than 13% of the operators of heavy construction equipment have an employer who pays for expenses with education or training.

MANAGING FLEETS OF HEAVY EQUIPMENT

Anyone who owns or manages fleets of trucks or passenger cars knows that business success is based on careful and regular vehicle maintenance. By choosing the right products and working with lubricant suppliers that know and care about your fleet as much as you, you will boost your business and ensure your fleet is always in tip top shape.

Reduce costs by reducing downtime

An inoperative fleet is a non-revenue fleet. Choosing the right lubricant is a crucial first step in maintaining your vehicles. TOTAL lubricants reduce operational downtime by protecting your car engines and preventing mechanical problems.

Increase fuel economy and minimize pollutant

A well lubricated engine is an efficient engine. This is the reason why investing in a high quality lubricant that offers fuel savings is a strategic way to reduce costs, save time and ensure the long term well-being of your fleet. Additionally, TOTAL lubricants are designed to reduce CO2 emissions and other pollutants, making them a smart move for owners and operators of environmentally conscious fleets.

A range of lubricants to meet every need

Rubia, a range of TOTAL lubricants approved by manufacturers, is one of the most complete ones. The products are suitable for all makes of trucks, buses and passenger vehicles; TOTAL will work with you to identify the specific products that meet your needs and keep your fleet rolling.

Maintenance of heavy machinery

Operating heavy machinery is very expensive. Do not make repairs to that type of equipment due to poor policy maintenance is simply bad business. Sticking to a list of maintenance can take as little as 15 minutes a day and you can easily find a problem before working days lost due to repairs to equipment. Poor maintenance on heavy equipment can endanger your employees.

Daily maintenance

Make a program to maintain equipment and stick to it. There are certain tasks to do daily, while other tasks need to be completed in a longer program. Once you decide something in a program, prepare a list of maintenance. Daily walks around each team in operation. While doing a visual inspection, check the used and signs of leakage of oil or antifreeze liquid. Make sure the tires are inflated to the proper pressure. Take time to remove debris from the machine. Tap bands and chains to make sure they are not too loose. Lubricate couplings that require daily greasing. Make sure emergency signals and safety equipment are in place. Check the fluid levels in oils, antifreeze and hydraulic. Fill them when necessary. When not at the appropriate levels the life of your heavy equipment is shortened. Check the air filter and clean it if necessary.

Quarterly maintenance

When your machine has 500 operating hours, or about 3 months of service, you should perform maintenance deeper. Change the engine oil, oil filters both the engine and the hydraulic system filter. Replace diesel fuel filter also as part of the quarterly maintenance.

Maintaining season finale

At the end of the season, or at least once a year, change the transmission fluid and the hydraulic oil. Check the antifreeze in your radiator to make sure it is in good condition for the winter season. Check hoses and belts. Drain the fuel from the last season of the tank and fill with a mixture of fuels (can be biodiesel and diesel with ethanol) or type “artic” (a brand that prevents paraffin crystals to deposit on the bottom) so that fuel line does not crystallize when you turn on in cold weather. Thoroughly wash the vehicle. Pay special attention to cleaning the engine and chassis. Clean the cabin and air filters. Make sure the air conditioning unit is clean. Make sure all lights work and replaces defective. Inspect the tires for signs of wear and tear. Replace worn tires during the off season so as not to lose valuable work time.

Definition of backhoe

A backhoe is a machine that can do the work of a charger, a bulldozer and an excavator. This versatile equipment it’s used for heavy digging, gardening, smaller buildings and urban engineering projects. It’s similar to a tractor with a front loader mounted and an arm and bucket at the rear. Because it’s based on a tractor with a diesel engine, it can lead directly to a job site instead of being loaded onto a trailer and be pulled.

Developing

The backhoe was developed in 1953 by Joseph Bamford in the UK, where it was called “JCB” by the inventor. The inventor added a bucket on the front and a backhoe to an agricultural tractor, creating a very versatile piece of equipment. Backhoes became very popular in the US in 1960.

A versatile piece of equipment

Its precise controls and the relatively small size make it useful in a variety of construction projects, small demolitions, landscaping, building materials moving, excavation, breaking asphalt and paving roads.

Front assembly use

This machine removes excess dirt from one place or places in a process called filling. The front-mounted bucket can tap the loose soil and level. Some buckets have a retractable fund called “clamshell” to empty its load more efficiently and is often used for scraping and graduation. The front bowl assembly can be removed to set other tools. A charger can be equipped with a couple of tools that can expand and retract, allowing different tools to be attached to the unit. A rotor side is a device that allows more joint accessories, making this a suitable machine for carrying tools.

As a backhoe works

A backhoe dig earth pulling back instead of forward lift as push or as a person using a shovel; the operator must be able to handle a backhoe bucket and the bucket itself. The backhoe is more complex, requiring skill and experience as the operator must be able to use a control lever while driving the tractor. There are three separate hydraulic connections that must be operated in coordinated steps. The machine arm extends to dig, then pull the bucket back and then push through the soil. This process is repeated until a pit or trench is dug. The hydraulic system can deliver tens of thousands of pounds (kilos) of pressure, much higher than men with shovels, and in little time.

Backhoe Innovations

Kubota has made small and compact tractors, sold with a backhoe configuration for homeowners. Dynahoe was originally developed in 1959 by Bucyrus-Erie with a gasoline engine. In 1970, a four-wheel drive system was incorporated in a backhoe loader with diesel engine. It was able to be maneuvered in rugged terrain and has been followed by the 590 Turbo CASE designed by a twin-turbo setup attached to the engine, increasing power. The finger is a newer spoon with a hinged metal rod, which is used as a thumb to pick things up.

Diagnosing problems in the John Deere systems

The first name for all what is related to John Deere tractors. Their distinctive green tractors are tough and reliable. This company manufactures many models as utility tractors, four wheel engines and combines. These are the lines of superior machines. However, as with many heavy farm equipment has many moving parts and cracks inevitably occur in the hydraulic system. There are several steps to diagnose before calling the mechanic from John Deere which can be an expensive visit.

Instructions :

  1. Check the oil level if the system pumps is noisy. Fill as necessary. Replace oil and filter if the oil viscosity is not correct. Check whether the ventilation cover of the reservoir is locked.
  2. Check air leaks in the internal air pump and accessories; if there is a system of pumping fluid check oil level. If necessary, replace it. Check if the valve is partially open and close it.
  3. Check if the levers surround the pivots rise and fall correctly. If necessary, lubricate the link. Check the cylinder axes if is bent. Make sure the cylinder and the hub are not overloaded. Entry checks to see if there is fluid low coming from the pump.
  4. Check the auxiliary hydraulic bucket handles if not lean back or forward or too slow. Check if the handle is blocked in the holding position and put it in neutral.
  5. Preselecting opens the valve if the hydraulic oil overheats. The passage of oil to the engine could be closed.

Tips & Warnings :

  • If the hydrostatic pressure load is low, the oil level in the reservoir may be low. The load lines may be covered, compared to the same problem.
  • For a noisy pump system pumps cannot be centered. It may also be that the hand brake is engaged. Check that the suction line is not blocked.
  • If there is no pressure in the hydraulic system, the hydraulic pump can be worn. It may also be the exhaust valve which is damaged. For this problem, see the sales agent of John Deere.
  • For problems with levers that are not properly raised or lowered, this could indicate that the rotary pump is damaged. Consult your sales representative of John Deere.
  • If the hydrostatic head pressure is low, this may indicate a malfunction in the exhaust pressure of the load. The exhaust will need to be replaced by a John Deere technician.